Euro Zone News

Euro zone in double-dip recession however optimism abounded in February

LONDON (Reuters) – The euro zone financial system is sort of definitely in a double-dip recession as COVID-19 lockdowns proceed to hammer the providers business, however hopes for a wider vaccine rollout has pushed optimism to a three-year peak, a survey confirmed on Wednesday.

IHS Markit’s ultimate February Composite Buying Managers’ Index (PMI), seen as a very good gauge of financial well being, rose to 48.8 from January’s 47.8, above a flash studying of 48.1 however firmly beneath the 50 mark separating progress from contraction.

That enhance was largely resulting from near-record progress in manufacturing as factories within the 19-countries that use the euro have largely remained open after restrictions had been reimposed to curb excessive coronavirus circumstances. Governments have pressured hospitality and leisure venues to stay closed and inspired residents to remain at dwelling.

“The small upward revision to the euro zone’s Composite PMI for February nonetheless leaves it in line with one other contraction in GDP in Q1,” mentioned Jessica Hinds at Capital Economics.

The euro zone financial system contracted within the first two quarters of 2020 and a Reuters ballot of economists final month forecast it might achieve this once more in This autumn and the present quarter, saying dangers to the already weak outlook had been skewed to the draw back. [ECILT/EU]

They cited delays to the European Union’s vaccine roll-out, issues about new coronavirus variants supporting present lockdowns, stalled financial exercise and rising unemployment as critical threats.

The providers sector in Germany, Europe’s largest financial system, continued to undergo below an prolonged coronavirus lockdown whereas French enterprise exercise fell to a three-month low. The Spanish and Italian providers sectors additionally noticed exercise shrinking once more.

In Britain, exterior the euro zone and the European Union, financial output stabilised after a pointy fall in January earlier than, its PMI confirmed, simply hours earlier than finance minister Rishi Sunak is because of set out his financial plans for the approaching 12 months.


A PMI for the euro zone’s dominant providers business, most affected by lockdowns, rose to 45.7 final month, forward of January’s 45.4 and the 44.7 flash estimate however nonetheless properly beneath breakeven.

Demand fell for a seventh month, regardless of companies chopping their costs, but providers companies did enhance headcount – albeit marginally – for the primary time since final February, simply earlier than Europe felt the primary wave of the preliminary pandemic.

The providers employment index rose to 50.2 from 49.8.

The EU’s inoculation marketing campaign has been marred by cuts in promised deliveries, rollout delays and a few social resistance however there are expectations these will probably be ironed out and the composite future output index, which measures optimism, bounced to 67.0 from 64.2.

“The gradual vaccine rollout and rising case numbers in France and Italy signifies that the lifting of restrictions is prone to be delayed, pushing a lot of the vaccine-related bounce in exercise into Q3,” Hinds mentioned.

Reporting by Jonathan Cable; Modifying by Catherine Evans

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